Chemical reaction hazards and Process safety testing

chemical reaction hazards

Traditionally 'risk' is defined as the product of the severity of a potential incident and the probability of occurrence.

The thermal risk linked to a chemical reaction is the risk of the loss of control of the reaction and the associated consequences (e.g. triggering a runaway reaction). Hence it is necessary to understand how a reaction can "switch" from its normal course to a runaway conditions.

Kindlow Safety Services provides process safety testing to define the characteristics of chemicals and their safe processing parameters (Process Hazard Investigation). Our dedicated team have years of experience and skilled knowledge in chemical reactions hazards and can help you determine your Basis of Safety for your process plant. Through our roots in industry our team can also give further support by interpreting the results obtained from testing to offer solutions and guidance for your process.

Testing

Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC)

  • Thermal stability data
  • Kinetic stability data
  • Decomposition reactions
  • Time to maximum rate

Carius Tubes (10g tube)

  • Screening test
  • Pressure data

Isothermal Calorimetry (RC1)

  • Kinetic and thermodynamic reaction data under specific processing conditions
  • The rate of heat production from the chemical reaction and variance over the course of the addition
  • Measurement of unreacted material
  • Gas evolution

Adiabatic Calorimetry (Adiabatic pressure Dewar, modified VSP)

  • Adiabatic calorimetry - to characterise the kinetics and thermodynamics of a chemical reaction in a runaway situation
  • Process control measures simulation to define the Basis of Safety of the process
  • Experimental data for Emergency Relief System Design
  • Thermal stability of reaction masses under specified conditions
Process safety test and chemical reaction hazards 01
Process safety tests and chemical reaction hazards 01
Process safety testing and chemical reaction hazards 01
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